Nesting effect on the mode I fracture toughness of woven laminates
Mireia Olave, Igor Vara, Hodei Usabiaga, Laurentzi Aretxabaleta, Stepan V. Lomov, Dirk Vandepitte
The fracture toughness of two woven laminates is evaluated for different nesting/shifting values between advanced layers. The analysed woven composites are manufactured using the same resin-reinforcement and same architecture, but have a different tow size (3K/12K). Three different nesting/shifting configurations are applied to the plies at the fracture surface: zero shifting, middle shifting and maximum shifting. Before being tested, the internal geometry of the material is evaluated and any shifting error is measured. For all these configurations mode I fracture tests are carried out. The differences obtained between 3K and 12K cases can be explained by fibre bridging, but not the differences between the nesting configurations. Depending on the nesting/shifting value the delaminated surface waviness is different, and consequently the fracture toughness is also influenced.