A comparative analysis of multiaxial fatigue models under random loading
Ibai Portugal, Mireia Olave, Iker Urresti, Aitor Zurutuza, Arkaitz López, Miguel Muñiz-Calvente, Alfonso Fernández-Canteli
A number of structural components, such as those related to wind turbines, are permanently subject to randomly varying load conditions during their service life and are therefore exposed to fatigue failure hazards. For this reason, the use of models for lifetime prediction is indispensable to ensure the structural integrity of at component and the correct operation conditions during its service life. This article compares different multiaxial fatigue criteria, in order to promote a secure and optimal design. Orthogonal shear stress and critical plane models based on stresses (e.g., McDiarmid and Findley), strains (e.g., Brown-Miller) and energy (e.g., Fatemi-Socie and Smith-Watson-Topper) are therefore considered. With this goal, the effect of randomly distributed load histories is analysed using a novel methodology based on the calculation of the stress tensor as a function of time, by interpolating loads with those obtained from response surfaces using Finite Element Method (FEM) models. The critical values of the selected parameters involved in the failure criterion, once estimated, are considered as references and used to determine the fatigue damage based on the Wöhler curves of the material. The methodology proposed allows the most suitable multiaxial fatigue criterion to be recognised by comparing predicted and experimental lab fatigue lives and levels of safety reserve. In this way, a methodology is provided to advance in the optimal test fitting and lifetime prediction of components under real fatigue conditions.
DOI / link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.12.035